Hydraulics is a branch of engineering that deals with the study and application of fluids, particularly in the context of mechanical systems. It involves the use of pressurized liquids, typically oil or water, to transmit and control power. Hydraulics utilizes the principles of fluid mechanics to generate, control, and transmit forces and motion. Hydraulic systems consist of various components, including pumps, cylinders, valves, and pipes, which work together to convert mechanical energy into hydraulic energy and vice versa. Hydraulics finds applications in a wide range of industries, such as construction, manufacturing, aerospace, and automotive. It is used in equipment and machinery for tasks like lifting heavy loads, operating machinery, steering systems, and controlling the movement of various mechanical parts. The advantages of hydraulics include high power density, precise control, and the ability to transmit power over long distances. Efficient design, maintenance, and safety measures are crucial in ensuring the optimal performance and reliability of hydraulic systems.
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