The respiratory system is a complex network of organs and tissues that work together to facilitate the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the body and the environment. It includes the nose, mouth, throat, larynx, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, and the lungs. The primary function of the respiratory system is to provide oxygen to the body's cells and remove carbon dioxide, a waste product of cellular metabolism. When we inhale, air enters through the nose or mouth, passes through the pharynx and larynx, and then travels down the trachea. The trachea branches into the bronchi, which further divide into smaller bronchioles that lead to tiny air sacs called alveoli in the lungs. Oxygen from the inhaled air diffuses into the bloodstream through the thin walls of the alveoli, while carbon dioxide is released from the bloodstream into the alveoli to be exhaled. The respiratory system also plays a role in regulating pH balance, filtering and warming incoming air, and producing sounds for speech. Proper respiratory function is essential for sustaining life, and maintaining a healthy respiratory system involves practices such as regular exercise, avoiding smoking and environmental pollutants, and seeking prompt medical attention for respiratory conditions or infections.
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